Khwaja Gharib Nawaz,
Khwaja Baba,Khwaja Baba, Khwaja Baba,Khwaja Baba
BIRTH : EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION :
Khwaja Moinuddin Chisty (R.A.) was born in Seistan (East Persia)
also known as Sejistan, around 537 Hijri in a respected family. His
father Khwaja Ghayasuddin (R.A.) and mother Syeda Bibi Ummalwara
alias Bibi Mahe-Noor were the descendants of Hazrat Ali (R.A.)
through his sons Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain, Khwaja Saheb lost
both his Father and Mother at an early age of sixteen years. He
inherited an orchard and a wind mill which serve as his means of
livelihood. One day when Khwaja Saheb was working in his orchard, a
pious dervish and Majzoob, Ebrahi Qandoozi, came and took his seat
under the shade of a tree. When Khwaja Saheb saw him, he brought a
bunch of grapes and presented it to his guest. The visitor ate those
grapes and was delighted, and took something out of his bag, chewed
it, and then offered it to his young host. Khwaja Saheb ate it
without any hesitation, and at once the light of wisdom and
knowledge dawned upon the young Khwaja. Thereafter he disposed of
all his worldly belongings, and distributed the money amongst the
poor. Having thus broken all the ties with worldly affairs, he
started for Samarqand and Bukhra, then the great centers of learning
for acquiring religious education and knowledge.
SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE :
When Khwaja Saheb had acquired the best knowledge and wisdom of the
time, he traveled widely in search of a pir (Spiritual guide) who
could provide him the best spiritual guidance. He came to know of
Hazrat Khwaja Usman Haruni (R.A.) who was the greatest scholar and
unrivalled spiritual guide of that period. In the very first meeting
Khwaja Saheb completely submitted himself to his Murshid and
remained in the company of this great divine spiritual leader for
twenty years and served him devotedly, passing through the various
stages of the spiritual life. Thus the great Murshid trained and
elevated Khwaja Saheb to the highest spiritual attainments.
HAJ AND PROPHET'S COMMAND :
As the great Khwaja became accomplished and perfect in every
respect, the divine tutor honoured him with his robe and took him to
HAJ. Both, then proceeded to Makkah and performed the HAJ, and then
went to MADINA and stayed there for some time, to get the blessings
of The Prophet of Islam (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam).
One night in a trance, he was ordered by The Holy prophet (Sal
Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam).
"O Moinuddin you are a prop of our faith. Proceed to India and show
the path of truth to the people there". In compliance with the above
spiritual command, Khwaja Saheb left Madina for India. He continued
his journey, passing through Isphahan, Bukhara, Heart, Lahore and
Delhi meeting several prominent Sufis of the period. He arrived at
the barren and desolated land of Rajputana which is now known as
Rajasthan. On his way to INDIA, he enrolled large number of people
in his fold and blessed thousands of others with spiritual power.
KHWAJA SAHEB AT AJMER:
Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chisty arrived in AJMER at the age of 52
years around 587 A.H./1190 A.D., on his divine mission, unique in
the annals of Islam. His only Armour for the success of his great
mission was the greatest "invisible power" the pervades and sustains
the whole universe. At that time Ajmer was ruled by Prithvi Raj
Chauhan the famous Rajput king. In his court, he had a large number
of powerful magicians with Ajai Pal as their leader. Khwaja Saheb
stayed at a hill close to Ana Sagar lake. Now known as the Chilla
Khwaja Saheb. When news spread, that a very pious Dervish had come
to Ajmer people began to flock to him in increasing number.
Whosoever came to him, received the kindest treatment and blessing
and simplicity that they began to embrace Islam. Many became his
disciples. Even Ajai Pal submitted himself to the divine powers of
Khwaja Saheb , gave up all his magic and became his disciple.
While this was going on at Ajmer Shahabuddin Ghori again attacked
India, in 1192 A.D. and in the famous battle of Tarain defeated
Prithvi Raj. When Shahabuddin Ghori came to know of the presence of
Khwaja Saheb at Ajmer, he personally came to see him at his place,
and enjoyed the grace of his meeting.
Khwaja Saheb continued his noble and magnificent mission, showing
the path of truth to the people. He also sent his disciples and
successors to different parts of country who too served the people
and preached the tenants of Islam. Some of his prominent successors
1. Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (R.A.) (Delhi ob. 1236).
2. Hazrat Shaikh Fariduddin Ganjshker (R.A.) (Pak Pattan ob. 1265).
3. Hazrat Shaikh Nizamuddin Aulia (Delhi ob. 1325).
4. Hazrat Shaikh Nasiruddin Chirage Delhi (Delhi ob. 1356).
MARRIAGES AND CHILDREN
At the age of 50 yrs. when he was almost setttled in Ajmer and the
preachings were on the top, he dreamt of Prophet Mohammed (Sal
Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) who said, " O Moinuddin! You have been
very active in obeying Allah's orders but why dindn't you follow mu
Sunnat." Thus, Khwaja Sahib (R.A.) made two marraiges one after
In those days a saint Wajihuddin Mash-hadi (R.A.) was staying in
Ajmer. One night he saw Imam Jafer Sadiq (Alehis Salaam) in dream,
who quoted Prophet Mohammed(Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) as saying
to give his daughter in marriage to Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti as he
is one of the loving persons of Allah and his Prophet (Sal Allaho
Alaiyhe Wa Sallam).
When he woke up, he was very happy. He went to Kheaja Sahib and told
about his dream. Khwaja Sahib said, " Though he is on the verge of
his life and has no need to marry but obedience of Prophet Mohammed
(Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) is also necessary, so I accept the
offer whole heartedly and ready for the marraige. This made Syed
Sahib (R.A.) very happy and he married his daughter Bibi Asmat with
Khwaja Sahib (R.A.) also had a second marraige. Some historians
write that his second wife Ummatullah was the daughter of a Raja,
who accepted Islam willingly.
Three sons and one Daughter were born to the two wives whose names
1. Hazrat Khwaja Fakhruddin (R.A.).
2. Hazrat Khwaja Hisamuddin (R.A.)
3. Hazrat Khwaja Ziauddin Abu Sayeed (R.A.)
4. Bibi Hafiza Jamal Rahmatullah Aleiha.
HAZRAT KHWAJA FAKHRUDDIN
He was the eldest son of Khwaja Sahib (R.A.) who earned his
livelihood by farming in Mandal town. He was a great saint and a
scholar as well . Agter twenty years of Khwaja Sahib. (R.A.) death
he died in Sarwar town, some 40 miles away from Ajmer. His Mazar is
located near a pond in the town. His Urs is celebrated on the 3rd of
Shaban every year with great fervour. He was blessed with five sons.
One of his sons, Hazrat Khwaja Hussamuddin was a perfect Sufi. His
grave is at Sanbar Sharif. Every year on 13 and 14 Rajab Urs is
HAZRAT KHWAJA HISSAMUDDIN (R.A.)
He was the second son and he was a great saint, as well as possessin
the quality of revelation. he made very tough exercises for self
purification. at the age of 45, he disappeared from the human eyes
and joined invisible religious fraternity.
HAZRAT KHWAJA ZIAUDDIN ABU SAYEED (R.A.)
He was the youngest son of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz and was a great
religious person. He died. He died at the age of 50. His Mazar is on
a platform near Jhalara Ghat in Ajmer Sharif. His Urs-e-Mubarak is
celebrated on 13th Zil-Hijja every year.
HAZRAT BIBI HAFIZA JAMAL (R.A.)
She was the only daughter of Khwaja Sahib. She was a great religious
personality. Khwaja Sahib granted her Khilafat. She guided thousands
of women to the righteous path. She was married to Hazrat Shaikh
Raziuddin (R.A.). He was the son of Qzai Hamiduddin nagori (R.A.)
Her Mazar -e-Mubarak is located below the Mazar of Khwaja Sahib.
KHWAJA SAHEB BREATHED HIS LAST
After achieving the objectives of his mission and complying with the
command given to him by the Holy prophet, his noble soul left the
corporeal body on the 6th of Raja 633 A.H. / 16th March 1236 at the
age of 97. He was buried in the same cell (Hurrah) which was the
center of his divine activities, throughout his stay at Ajmer. Today
his tomb is popularly known as "Dargah Khwaja Saheb, Ajmer". People
of all walks of life and faith from all over the world, irrespective
of their caste, creed and beliefs visit this great shrine to offer
flowers of there esteem and devotion. The rich and the poor stand
side by side to pay their homage and respect to the divine soul.
Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty (R.A) was one of the
descendants of the illustrious family of Hazrat Ali, the son-in-law
and cousin of the Holy Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W). His father Syed
Ghayasuddin Hasan(R.A) was a very pious personality. His mother,
Syeda Bibi Ummalwara alias Bibi Mahe-Noor, was the daughter of Syed
Daud. While Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin's paternal genealogy is traced
from Hazrat Imam Husain, the younger son of Hazat Ali Karam-Allah
Wajahu, his maternal genealogy is traced from Hazrat Imam Hasan, the
elder son of Hazrat Ali.
Below are given both of these, genealogies :
Khwaja Moinuddm Hasan Chishti son of Khwaja Syed Ghyasuddin Hasan
son of Syed Ahmed Hasan Sanjari son of Syed Husain Ahmed son of
Hazrat Najmuddin Tahir son of Syed Khwaja Abdul Aziz Husain son of
Syed Imam Mohammed Mehdi son of Syed Imam Hasan Askari son of Imam
All Naqi son of Syed Imam Mohammed Taqi son of Imam Ah Musi Raza son
of Imam Musa Kazim Raza son of Imam Mohammed Jafar Sadiq son of Imam
Mohammed Baqar son of Hazrat Syed Imam Zain-ul Abideen son of
Syed-us-Shohada Syed Imam Husain son of Hazrat Ali
Karam-Allah-Wajahu son-in-law of the Holy Prophet Mohammed.
Syeda Bibi Mah-e-Noor daughter of Syed Daud son of Hazrat Abdulla
son of Syed Zahid son of Syed Moons son of Syed Daud-I son of Syedna
Musa son of Syedna Abdulla Mahaz son of Syedna Hasan Musa son of
Syedna Hazrat Imam Hasan son of Syedna Hazrat Ali Karam-Allah Wajahu
son in law of the holy prophet.
KHWAJA SAHAB'S RELATIONSHIP WITH HAZRAT GHOUSUL AZAM (R.A.)
The two are related to each other by blood. Khwaja Gharib Nawaz and
Hazrat Ghous Pak are maternal cousins.One more relation is that
Hazrat Shaikh Mohiuddin Abdul Qadar Jilani (Ghousul Azam) is a
maternal uncle of Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.). Hazrat Shaikh
Mohiuddin Abdul Qadar Jilani is the grandson of Hazrat Abdulla al
Hambli. On the other side, the mother of Hazrat Khwaja Sahib, Hazrat
Bibi Mahey Noor, is the grand daughter of Hazrat
Abdulla-al-Hambli.Thus, the mother of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hassan
Chishty(R.A) is a cousin of Hazrat Ghous Pak (R.A.).
History of Syedzadgan Khuddam-e-Khwaja
Hazrat Khwaja Syed Fakhruddin Gurdezi was Hussaini syed born in 544
hijri at Gurdez. Hazrat Khwaja Syed Fakhruddin Gurdezi (R.A.) and
Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty (R.A.) were first cousins and
spiritual brothers. Hazrat Khwaja Syed Fakhruddin Gurdezi (R.A.) was
also the Khadim-e-Khas of Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A). He used
to attend on Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.) day in and day out,
Therefore, he and his descendants the present Khadim community took
pride and deemed it an honour to be called “Khadims" of Hazrat
Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A).
They are also referred to as Moallim, Syedna, Sahibzadas, Khuddam,
Gaddinashin etc. by the devotees, and pilgrims, who pour all kinds
of offerings (Nazar) upon them, in the name of Hazrat Khwaja
Khwaja Hussain Nagori has alluded these Khadims as equivalent to
Ridwan (the door keeper of heaven), and this shows how great Saints
of the time held the Khadims in high esteem, and appreciated their
When Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty(R.A) proceeded for India, his
Peer-o-Murshid (spiritual mentor) Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harooni(R.A)
asked him to take one of his blood relations and follower, Hazrat
Khwaja Syed Fakhruddin Gurdezi (R.A.) along with him. Hazrat Khwaja
Syed Fakhruddin Gurdezi(R.A), the Khadim-e-khas used to attend on
Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty (R.A.) day in day out.
Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki of Delhi in his book 'Munis-ul-Arwah'
writes as under :
'During my twenty years company with my 'Shaikh'(spiritual leader),
i did not find any other person , except Fakhruddin so near to him.'
Hazrat Khwaja Fakhruddin stayed with the Huzoor Khwaja Gharib
Nawaz(R.A) upto his last breath and when Khwaja Saheb kept himself
busy in prayer and meditation or in seclusion for a number of days
he looked after his affairs and management of Khanqah and Langar
Hazrat Khwaja Syed Fakhruddin Gurdezi (R.A.) died in Ajmer, on 25th
of Rajab 642 A.H./1245 (nearly a decade after the Wisaal"(demise) of
Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.) and was buried near Mazar-e-Pak of
Khwaja Saheb in the Hujra, which is known as "Tosh-e-Khana". His
annual Urs is celebrated on the 25th of Rajab, with all religious
ceremonies, by the Khadims, (Syedzadgan).
The Khadims of Huzoor Gharib Nawaz known as "Syedzadgan" trace their
descent from Hazrat Khwaja Syed Fakhruddin Gurdezi (R.A.) through
his Sons; Hazrat Khwaja Syed Masood(R.A), Hazrat Khwaja Syed Mahboob
Bahlol(R.A) and Hazrat Khwaja Syed Ibrahim(R.A). The Khadim's of
Huzoor Gharib Nawaz(R.A) are performing the religious duties since 8
centuries,i.e-since demise of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz(R.A).
Undoubtedly, the Khadims, who have been attached to the Shrine since
its inception, played a key role in the smooth functioning and in
keeping strict discipline in the performances of these rituals and
ceremonies. As a result, they often invited the ill-will and wrath
of pilgrims and other officials. But their genuine concern and
enforcement of established customs and rituals, showing strict
adherence to the humanitarian approach of the Saint, was always
upheld by the authorities.
The keys of the Holy Shrine including the Toshakhana are in the
custody of the Khadims since inception according to centuries old
Kalid Bardari system of our ancestors.
Only the Khadims have the privilege to open (after giving Azan at
the door step of the Shrine) & close the doors of the Holy Shrine
for centuries in religious & hereditary capacity.
They serve the Mazar-e-Pak (Holy Shrine) and pray for those People
who come and also for those unable to come to the Holy shrine but
are desirous of obtaining the blessings of Gharib Nawaz(R.A).Their
rights to serve the holy Shrine, to perform religious rituals and
arrange spiritual functions and to receive all kinds of Nazar are
hereditary and have also been judicially recognised. The documentary
evidences are in the "Malfoozat" (Sayings) of Chishtia order and
historical literature, Shahi Faramin, Sanads etc.(Imperial orders).
The jagirs and honours conferred upon the Khadim's from time to time
not only by Muslim Rulers but also by many Hindu Rajas and
Chieftains of India, which was also conferred by the British
Government during their succeeding regimes. Khadim,s are the
custodians of the Shrine, the whole management & control of all the
affairs inside the Shrine (Gumbad Mubarak), are exclusively in our
hands. Although Khadim's have faced a number of revolutions and
changes of the Government but under all cirumstances and worst
political up-heavals we kept ourselves ‘attached to the Holy Shrine
and perform all the traditional duties and services'.
The Mazar-e-Aqdas (Holy Shrine) of Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.)
always remained under the custody and care of the Khadims from the
very beginning. All the mundane customs & traditions of the
Mazar-eAqdas (Holy Shrine) are performed by Khadims only, according
to centuries old Chishty tenet.
Khadims are the only one entitled to take Zaireen (Pilgrims) for
Ziyarat (Darshan) at the Holy Shrine, and they have the right to
receive all kinds of Nazar & Niyaz (offerings) at the Holy Shrine (Mazar-e-Aqdas)
of Huzoor Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.). The Khadims has kept the
glorious traditions of secular character and composite culture of
this institution alive for the last 800 years.
For re-evaluating and re-assessing our rights by way of memorandum
some relevant facts were put before Joint Parliamentary Committee
for Waqf on 4th and 5th July 2002 for their just and due
consideration which is as under :-
1. It is rather unthinkable for a moment that the Khadim community
in this long checkered history of the institution has ever acted
against the interest of the institution or the country on the
contrary we have always contributed for the upliftment of the
institution and also raised some structures in Dargah Sharif for the
Zaireen (Pilgrims) from our own pockets. The Khadim community has
kept the glorious traditions of secular character & composite
culture of this institution alive for the last 800 years. Envy has
got an evil ; thus false evidences are created or manufactured to
discredit Khadims in general out of jealousy & obvious reasons.
The Khadims, with all their devotion, have all along been undisputed
first and foremost persons in attendance of the Holy Saint, and
later on with the Holy Shrine, right from the very inception. The
ancient and intimate relationship of Khadim's with the institution
is not only born out from the long uncluttered history, but also
recognised by the Sufi order of all schools-Chishtia, Qadaria,
Naqshbandia, Soharvardia and so on.
1. Both of these Personalities were the first causins and were
descendants of Hazrat ali Karam Allah Wajahu the son in law of the
Holy Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (S.A.W)
2. Both of these Personalities were Mureeds (Disciple) from the same
Peer-o-Mursheed (spiritual mentor) Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harooni (R.A.)
thus they were Peer Bahi too (spiritual brothers).
3. But most important fact is that Hazrat Khwaja Syed Fakhruddin
Gurdezi (R.A.) was the Khadim-e-Khas (Chief attendant) of Huzoor
Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.)
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